What Is Resuscitation? Here’s What You Should Know

What Is Resuscitation? Here’s What You Should Know

Dec 01, 2020

When it is a matter of life and death, every second counts; when someone collapses, a second can be the difference between regaining consciousness and permanent brain damage or, even worse, death. Your brain needs oxygen to survive, so four minutes is an eternity, and within ten minutes, that person is dead.

Surprisingly, there are more than 300,000 cardiac arrests that take place outside the ER near you each year. This is because many bystanders are unfamiliar with the cardiopulmonary resuscitation steps.

Even though we live during the pandemic, cardiac arrests claim over 450,000 American lives each year. When you look at this issue globally, you will be shocked to find that it claims more lives than prostate cancer accidents, breast cancer, and HIV combined.

This is why you need to know what can be done when someone collapses, and the emergency room near you is far.

CPR, In a Nutshell

Most probably, you have heard of the acronym CPR. It stands for cardiopulmonary resuscitation, which is a technique designed to save lives in case of life-threatening emergencies such as heart attacks or near-drowning.

Ideally, someone standing nearby is the person best suited to perform CPR. This is because doing nothing is far worse than trying to save someone’s life. Doing nothing can ultimately cost someone’s life.

The whole idea of performing CPR before taking the patient to the nearest emergency care clinic is to ensure that blood flows to the vital organs and the brain before normal heart rhythm is restored.

The traditional CPR guidelines have been used for decades; however, they have never achieved the desired results. This is because the whole idea was to make someone breathe rather than restoring heart rhythm.

Therefore, this is what you need to know:

  • Conventional CPR with ventilation is performed when there is respiratory arrest.
  • Cerebral resuscitation is performed when a patient has a cardiac arrest. The purpose is to try and restore neurological and heart function. Rescue breathing is not the point of focus.

In a nutshell, when you see an adult collapse, cardiac arrest is typically the cause. It would be best if you did not confuse it with a respiratory arrest that occurs when you choke or drown where ventilators are useful.

What Happens Before Giving CPR?

One of the things that makes a bad situation worse is panic. Panic can make you miss out on simple things that you can do to save a life. So, if you can compose yourself, try and do the following:

  • Check the surroundings due to the safety concerns of the patient.
  • Check if the patient is conscious.
  • If there is someone close to you, let he/she call 911 and look for the AED device if it is near you.
  • If you are by yourself, call 911 and locate the AED machine.

What Happens During CPR?

Three letters are your friends during CPR; they are C-A-B (Compressions, Airway, and Breath). Compressions are done to restore blood circulation, then you open the airway, and finally breathe to help the patient get oxygen.

If you can memorize this, you can easily perform the necessary steps involved in giving CPR.

Here are the steps you take when giving CPR:

  • Inspect your environment for any harmful or pointy objects because the patient’s safety is at stake
  • Verify if the patient is conscious or not by checking the pulse, tapping the shoulder, and shouting.
  • If you have an AED, you can use it you notice that the pulse is weak.
  • Check for breathing and see if you notice the chest rising. If you ascertain that the person isn’t breathing, then you have to do compressions.
  • Ideally, the standard number of compressions per minute is 120. You perform compressions by placing your predominant hand on the center of the patient’s chest. Then, you put your other hand on the dominant hand. Always ensure that your shoulders are above your hands and that your elbows are straight. Then start performing the compressions by pressing down the chest at least two inches.
  • Then, you open the patient’s airways by tilting the head back, followed by pinching the nose, and lastly, pulling down the chin using your other hand.
  • After opening the airways, you can perform two rescue breaths, one second each.
  • Repeat C-A-B until there are signs of movement or if the medics have arrived.

Life is unpredictable, and knowing life-saving techniques can save someone’s life. If you are in an emergency and need an ER in 78741, call us today at Austin Express ER.

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