Beginner’s Guide to Coronavirus: Everything You Need to Know

Beginner’s Guide to Coronavirus: Everything You Need to Know

Jul 01, 2020

Who would have thought that the novel coronavirus, first reported in Wuhan Province, China, in December 2019, would turn out to be a pandemic? In just a few months, we have changed the way we live and do business.

All of a sudden, we find ourselves at a place where we can no longer enjoy social gatherings and wearing masks to keep the virus at bay.

Now, we see the emergency room near you, filled trying to treat a multitude of patients, unlike what we have seen in modern history. The coronavirus has brought the world to a grinding halt.

It’s understandable for most people to be frightened and filled with anxiety because this is an enemy we have never fought before.

The best question to ask yourself is, what can you do? First, facts are your friend. Not knowing is more dangerous than knowing what you are up against.

So, what’s the coronavirus?

About Coronavirus 2019

The coronavirus is not new to man; it was first isolated in 1937. They are the second leading cause of the common cold after the rhinovirus. Until recently, the coronaviruses were responsible for causing nothing serious than the common cold.

The coronavirus is known to cause some illnesses in animals such as camels, bats, and cats. In 2003, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) was caused by the coronavirus.

Then, there was the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), which affected the people in the Middle East after interacting with infected dromedary camels.

Now, the coronavirus is responsible for causing Coronavirus Diseases of 2019 (COVID-19). The novel coronavirus of 2019, also known as SARS-CoV-2, is responsible for causing respiratory illness that affects the lower respiratory system.

In a nutshell, the coronavirus is a family of viruses that cause respiratory illness, such as the common cold, SARS, MERS, and COVID-19.

However, there are four primary categories of coronaviruses referred to by Greek letters alpha, beta, delta, and gamma. Beta and alpha coronaviruses are known to cause disease in man.

Who Is Most at Risk for the Coronavirus Disease?

The people who are at risk of developing dangerous symptoms are the ones who have an underlying disease or are older, which means that their immune systems will be compromised.

Here are some of the risk factors:

  • Older age. Although anyone can be infected, middle-aged and older adults are more at risk. They can develop more dangerous symptoms if they are older, and they have underlying health conditions.
  • Lung Problems. Since COVID-19 is a respiratory illness, you are more likely to develop severe symptoms if you have preexisting lung issues such as asthma.
  • Heart disease
  • Diabetes. Increases the risk of infections
  • Obesity. Reduces the efficiency of your immune system
  • Smoking
  • Cancer treatments
  • Chronic kidney and Liver disease

How Is Coronavirus Diagnosed?

It is best to follow all the information you will receive from our doctors before getting a test since tests are done by appointment. If you develop the symptoms of COVID-19, contact our doctor at our emergency room in Austin.

Make sure that you disclose the people that you have come into close contact with and your travel history.

Then, our doctor in the emergency care near you will determine whether it is appropriate for you to take the test. This is based on your signs and symptoms, as well as if you have come into contact with someone who has COVID-19 in the past 14 days.

Who Should Be Tested for the Coronavirus Disease?

In a nutshell, the people who should be tested for the coronavirus will depend on a person’s symptoms, underlying risk factors for severe disease, and exposure history.

People who have COVID-19 symptoms are the first people to be considered. Although not everyone who exhibits the symptoms requires a test, it is best for you to contact our ER near you to get guidance.

According to the CDC, priority testing should be given to:

  • Healthcare workers
  • First responders
  • People with COVID-19 symptoms living in long-term care facilities or group living facilities such as shelters and prisons
  • Having COVID-19 symptoms
  • Are recommended for testing by a doctor

Many experts believe that people who do not have COVID-19 symptoms should also be tested to prevent the spread of the virus.

Another category of people to get tested is people who have recovered from COVID-19, and your doctor refers you for testing to monitor your progress.

How Long Will the Coronavirus Test Take?

The test for COVID-19 is the same as a flu test. Our doctor will take the sample of your saliva or fluids from the back of your throat or inside your nose. It is mildly uncomfortable, and it takes only a few seconds to take the sample.

You can get your results anywhere from an hour to several days.

At Austin Express ER, you can get COVID-19 antibody testing near you. If you suspect that you have COVID-19 symptoms, call us today.

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